Maintenance and instructions of electric car battery
Generally, the charger should not be placed in the trunk or basket of the electric bicycle. Under special circumstances, it must be moved, and the charger must be packed with foam to prevent vibration. Protect the charger. The general instruction manual has instructions on protecting the charger. Many users don't have the habit of reading the manual, and often think of looking for the manual after except for the problem. It is often too late, so it is very necessary to read the manual first. In order to reduce costs, current chargers are basically not designed with high vibration resistance. After many chargers are vibrated, their internal potentiometers will drift, causing the entire parameters to drift, resulting in abnormal charging status. Another thing to pay attention to is to keep the charger ventilated when charging, otherwise it will not only affect the life of the charger, but also may cause thermal drift and affect the charging state. This will damage the battery. Therefore, it is also very important to protect the charger. Charge it every day Even if your continuation capacity is not long, you can use it for 2 to 3 days with a single charge, but it is recommended that you charge it every day, so that the battery is in a shallow cycle state, and the battery life will be extended. Some early mobile phone users think that it is best to charge the battery after the battery is basically used up. This view is wrong. The memory benefit of lead-acid batteries is not so strong. Frequent discharge of electricity has a greater impact on the life of the battery. In most chargers, after the indicator light changes to indicate a full charge, the battery charge may be 97% to 99%. Although only 1% to 3% of the battery is under-charged, the impact on the continuation ability is almost negligible, but under-charge accumulation will also be formed. Therefore, after the battery is fully charged, it is still possible to continue floating charge as much as possible, which is also useful for suppressing battery vulcanization. have benefits. Charge in time The vulcanization process began after the battery was discharged, and obvious vulcanization appeared after 12 hours. Charging in time can remove the less serious vulcanization. If not charging in time, these vulcanized crystals will accumulate and gradually form coarse crystals. General chargers are powerless to these coarse crystals, which will gradually cause a decrease in battery capacity and shorten the battery capacity. The service life of the battery. Therefore, in addition to daily charging, we must also pay attention to charging as soon as possible after use, so that the battery power is as full as possible. Make full use of maintenance conditions Many electric bicycle dealers can provide battery maintenance and repair services, and these services should be fully utilized. Some brands of electric bicycles propose to overhaul the battery. For example, regular maintenance of the battery can reduce the damage to the battery. Repairing the state of charge of the battery can alleviate the 'battery backward' failure, which is easy for dealers equipped with repair capabilities. For water loss, the effect of replenishing water when the battery capacity is 70% is better than when the battery capacity is 40%. Even some brands of products also propose that if the battery is not overhauled at the specified time, it is equivalent to giving up the battery warranty. Make consumers suffer losses that should not have occurred. Therefore, consumers should make full use of the battery overhaul conditions to extend and increase the service life of the battery. Otherwise, the problem of undercharging in winter and overcharging in summer will inevitably occur. When the ambient temperature is really 25°C, it is relatively low, so there will inevitably be the problem of overcharging in summer and undercharging in winter. Fortunately, most households now have the conditions for indoor temperature regulation. In this way, when charging, it is best to arrange the battery and charger in a ventilated and temperature-regulated environment. Through these methods, users can greatly extend the life of the battery. Some users have relatively short continuation mileage, relatively long battery life, and some problems are relatively difficult to find. Therefore, the 'deep discharge' measures mentioned in Article 4 are also an effective way to find battery problems in time. Don't wait for the battery problems to be difficult to deal with.